Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the subject. Business history deals with the history of business organizations, of business methods, of government regulation the Business Journal, Vol. 35 PDF businesses, of labor relations, and of business impacts on society. Even before academic studies began, Americans were enthralled by the Robber baron debate.
Författare: E. C. Mills.
As the United States industrialized very rapidly after the Civil War, a few hundred prominent men made large fortunes by building and controlling major industries, such as railroads, shipping, steel, mining and banking. A minority were irate and excoriated the titans of finance and industry as ‚robber barons‘ and worse. Biographies of Mellon, Carnegie and Rockefeller were often laced with moral censure, warning that ‚tories of industry‘ were a threat to democracy and that parasitism, aristocratic pretension and tyranny have always trailed in the wake of concentrated wealth, whether accumulated dynastically or more impersonally by the faceless corporation. Nevins argued that economic development in the United States caused relatively little human suffering, while raising the general standard of living and making the United States the great industrial power capable of defeating Germany in both world wars.
In 1958 historian Hal Bridges finds that „The most vehement and persistent controversy in business history has been that waged by the critics and defenders of the ‚robber baron‘ concept of the American businessman. In terms of the Robber Baron model, by the end of the 20th century scholars had mostly discarded it although it remained influential in the popular culture. Meanwhile, business history as an academic discipline was founded by Professor N. Gras at the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Administration, starting in 1927.
1960s with a high volume of product and innovative methodologies. Scholars worked to develop theoretical explanations of the growth of business enterprise, the study of strategy and structure by Alfred Chandler being a prime example. The relationship between business and the federal government became a focal point of study. After 1960 the most influential scholar was Alfred D. In a career that spanned over sixty years, Chandler produced numerous groundbreaking monographs, articles, and reviews. His first two chapters looked at traditional owner-operated small business operations in commerce and production, including the largest among them, the slave plantations in the South. Chapters 3-5 summarize the history of railroad management, with stress on innovations not just in technology but also in accounting, finance and statistics.