Jump to navigation Jump to search Not to be confused with -holism. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article needs additional citations for verification. This article seeing Systems. Unlocking the Mysteries of Organizational Life PDF contains original research.
Författare: Barry Oshry.
"Seeing Systems" is the most accessible, penetrating book available on the dynamics of systems. In it, Oshry explains why so many efforts at creating more satisfying and productive systems end in disappointment, and proposes an entirely new framework for dealing with human behavior.
The term holism was coined by Jan Smuts. Alfred Adler considered holism as a concept that represents all of the wholes in the universe, and these wholes are the real factors in the universe. Holism and its place as a monistic ontology. Holism, other than the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, the editor is unaware of any authoritative secondary sources corroborating Smuts‘ opinions. Wholes are composites which have an internal structure, function or character which clearly differentiate them from mechanical additions, aggregates, and constructions, such as science assumes on the mechanical hypothesis.
The field of a whole is not something different and additional to it, it is the continuation of the whole beyond its sensible contours of experience. The field characterizes a whole as a unified and synthesised event in the system of Relativity, that includes not only its present but also its past—and also its future potentialities. As such, the concept of field entails both activity and structure. Darwin’s theory of organic descent placed primary emphasis on the role of natural selection, but there would be nothing to select if not for variation. The whole exhibits a discernible regulatory function as it relates to cooperation and coordination of the structure and activity of parts, and to the selection and deselection of variations. The result is a balanced correlation of organs and functions. It is the intermingling of fields which is creative or causal in nature.