Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about Nietzsche’s philosophy. This article possibly contains original research. The cover for the first nietzsche als Philosoph PDF of the first edition of Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Friedrich Nietzsche developed his philosophy during the late 19th century.
Författare: Hans Vaihinger.
Since the dawn of the 20th century, the philosophy of Nietzsche has had great intellectual and political influence around the world. Common themes in his thought can, however, be identified and discussed. His earliest work emphasized the opposition of Apollonian and Dionysian impulses in art, and the figure of Dionysus continued to play a role in his subsequent thought. Nietzsche saw nihilism as the outcome of repeated frustrations in the search for the meaning of religion. He diagnosed nihilism as a latent presence within the very foundations of European culture and saw it as a necessary and approaching destiny.
This section does not cite any sources. This section possibly contains original research. In The Antichrist, Nietzsche fights against the way in which Christianity has become an ideology set forth by institutions like churches, and how churches have failed to represent the life of Jesus. Nietzsche finds it important to distinguish between the religion of Christianity and the person of Jesus.
Nietzsche argued that two types of morality existed: a master morality that springs actively from the „nobleman“, and a slave morality that develops reactively within the weak man. These two moralities do not present simple inversions of one another. They form two different value systems: master morality fits actions into a scale of „good“ or „bad“ consequences, whereas slave morality fits actions into a scale of „good“ or „evil“ intentions. Eternal Recurrence have been inextricably linked.
According to Heidegger’s interpretation, one can not be thought without the others. Heidegger’s reading has become predominant among commentators, although some have criticized it: Mazzino Montinari by declaring that it was forging the figure of a „macroscopical Nietzsche“, alien to all of his nuances. The work consists of four separate books, entitled „European Nihilism“, „Critique of the Highest Values Hitherto“, „Principles of a New Evaluation“, and „Discipline and Breeding“. Within these books there are some 1067 small sections, usually the shape of a circle, and sometimes just a key phrase—such as his opening comments in the 1st monstrosity of the preface: „Of what is great one must either be silent or speak with greatness. Throughout his works, Nietzsche writes about possible great human beings or „higher types“ who serve as an example of people who would follow his philosophical ideas. These ideal human beings Nietzsche calls by terms such as „the philosopher of the future“, „the free spirit“, „the tragic artist“ and „the Übermensch“.
Man is something that shall be overcome. What have you done to overcome him? What is the ape to man? And man shall be that to Übermensch: a laughingstock or painful embarrassment. Rock on Lake Silvaplana where Nietzsche conceived of the idea of Eternal return. Nietzsche may have encountered the idea of the Eternal Recurrence in the works of Heinrich Heine, who speculated that one day a person would be born with the same thought-processes as himself, and that the same applied to every other individual.
Nietzsche’s view on eternal return is similar to that of Hume: „the idea that an eternal recurrence of blind, meaningless variation—chaotic, pointless shuffling of matter and law—would inevitably spew up worlds whose evolution through time would yield the apparently meaningful stories of our lives. This idea of eternal recurrence became a cornerstone of his nihilism, and thus part of the foundation of what became existentialism. What if a demon were to creep after you one day or night, in your loneliest loneness, and say: „This life which you live and have lived, must be lived again by you, and innumerable times more. Nietzsche’s work addresses ethics from several perspectives: meta-ethics, normative ethics, and descriptive ethics.