Although holding the position until 17 April 1942, the executive power was exercised by the Deputy Prime Ministers from 11 July 1940. During World War I Pétain led the French Henri Lefebvre PDF to victory at the nine month long Battle of Verdun.
Författare: Merrifield Andy.
Henri Lefebvre war einer der großen Theoretiker des 20. Jahrhunderts: Philosoph und Soziologe, Autor von über 60 Büchern, unkonventioneller bon vivant, Wegbereiter des Pariser Mai 1968. Diese verständliche und innovative Einführung in sein Denken kombiniert eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme von Lefebvres wesentlichen Konzepten mit seinem biographischen Werdegang, vom jungen Anhänger der Surrealisten zum Résistance-Kämpfer während der deutschen Besatzung, bis hin zum wesentlichen Stichwortgeber der Situationistischen Internationale und des globalen Aufbruchs des Jahres 1968.
Andy Merrifield verwebt die Evolution von Lefebvres Philosophie, sein politisches Engagement und seinen abenteuerlichen Lebensweg zu einem faszinierenden und fesselnden Porträt nicht nur einer Person, sondern ganz Frankreichs im 20. Jahrhundert.
After the failed Nivelle Offensive and subsequent mutinies he was appointed Commander-in-Chief and succeeded in repairing the army’s confidence. Pétain remained in command throughout the war and emerged as a national hero. After the war, Pétain was tried and convicted for treason. He was originally sentenced to death, but due to his age and World War I service his sentence was commuted to life in prison and he died in 1951.
His father, Omer-Venant, was a farmer. Pétain was a bachelor until his sixties, and known for his womanising. Women were said to find his piercing blue eyes especially attractive. Pétain’s career progressed slowly, as he rejected the French Army philosophy of the furious infantry assault, arguing instead that „firepower kills“.
His views were later proved to be correct during the First World War. This section needs additional citations for verification. October 1914, he was promoted yet again and became XXXIII Corps commander. Pétain commanded the Second Army at the start of the Battle of Verdun in February 1916. During the battle he was promoted to Commander of Army Group Centre, which contained a total of 52 divisions. The immediate cause was the extreme optimism and subsequent disappointment at the Nivelle offensive in the spring of 1917. Other causes were pacificism, stimulated by the Russian Revolution and the trade-union movement, and disappointment at the nonarrival of American troops.