Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. This article needs additional citations for verification. Tuscany, central Italy, straddling the Arno just before it empties into the Ligurian Sea. It is the green Guide Tuscany PDF city of the Province of Pisa.
It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled History of Pisa. Flag of the Republic of Pisa. Etrurian Kingdom and War Flag with Great Royal Coat of Arms. The origin of the name, Pisa, is a mystery. Ancient Roman authors referred to Pisa as an old city. Strabo referred Pisa’s origins to the mythical Nestor, king of Pylos, after the fall of Troy.
The maritime role of Pisa should have been already prominent if the ancient authorities ascribed to it the invention of the naval ram. Strabo states that the city was 4. However, it was a maritime city, with ships sailing up the Arno. During the last years of the Western Roman Empire, Pisa did not decline as much as the other cities of Italy, probably due to the complexity of its river system and its consequent ease of defence. After Charlemagne had defeated the Lombards under the command of Desiderius in 774, Pisa went through a crisis, but soon recovered.