Anfrage Ihre Anfrage konnte leider nicht bearbeitet werden. Anfrage Ihre Anfrage konnte leider nicht bearbeitet werden. Anfrage Flora von Bremen und Oldenburg PDF Anfrage konnte leider nicht bearbeitet werden. Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about colonies of the German Empire.
Författare: Franz Buchenau.
Nachdruck der Originalausgabe aus dem Jahr 1919.
For the territories of National Socialist Germany, see Reichskommissariat. The chancellor of this time period was Otto von Bismarck. Many Germans in the late 19th century viewed colonial acquisitions as a true indication of having achieved nationhood. Public opinion eventually arrived at an understanding that prestigious African and Pacific colonies went hand-in-hand with dreams of a High Seas Fleet. Both aspirations would become reality, nurtured by a press replete with Kolonialfreunde and by a myriad of geographical associations and colonial societies.
In essence, Bismarck’s colonial motives were obscure as he had said repeatedly “ I am no man for colonies“ and „remained as contemptuous of all colonial dreams as ever. The rise of German imperialism and colonialism coincided with the latter stages of the „Scramble for Africa“ during which enterprising German individuals, rather than government entities, competed with other already established colonies and colonialist entrepreneurs. The German effort included the first commercial enterprises in the 1850s and 1860s in West Africa, East Africa, the Samoan Islands and the unexplored north-east quarter of New Guinea with adjacent islands. As Bismarck was converted to the colonial idea by 1884, he favored „chartered company“ land management rather than establishment of colonial government due to financial considerations.
Although temperate zone cultivation flourished, the demise and often failure of tropical low-land enterprises contributed to changing Bismarck’s view. In the first years of the 20th century shipping lines had established scheduled services with refrigerated holds and agricultural products from the colonies, exotic fruits and spices, were sold to the public in Germany. Geologists and cartographers explored what were the unmarked regions on European maps, identifying mountains and rivers, and demarcating boundaries. Overhaul of the colonial administrative apparatus thus set the stage for the final and most promising period of German colonialism.
The established merchants and plantation operators in the African colonies frequently managed to sway government policies. Capital investments by banks were secured with public funds of the imperial treasury to minimize risk. Anglo-German colonial issues in the decade before 1914 were minor and both empires, the British and German, took conciliatory attitudes. Once war was declared in late July 1914 Britain and its allies promptly moved against the colonies. The public was informed that German colonies were a threat because „Every German colony has a powerful wireless station — they will talk to one another across the seas, and at every opportunity they will dash from cover to harry and destroy our commerce, and maybe, to raid our coasts. By 1916 only in remote jungle regions in East Africa did the German forces hold out. Smuts, now in Britain’s small War Cabinet, spoke of German schemes for world power, militarisation and exploitation of resources, indicating Germany threatened western civilisation itself.