Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the novel. The Grapes of Wrath is an American realist novel written by John Steinbeck and published in 1939. Set during the Great Depression, the novel focuses on the Joads, a poor family of tenant farmers driven from their Oklahoma home by drought, economic hardship, agricultural industry changes, and bank foreclosures forcing tenant farmers out of work. The Grapes of Wrath is frequently read in American high school and eldorado, or Adventures in the Path of Empire, Vol. 2 PDF literature classes due to its historical context and enduring legacy.
Författare: Bayard Taylor.
On his return to his home near Sallisaw, Oklahoma, Tom meets former preacher Jim Casy, whom he remembers from his childhood, and the two travel together. The next morning, Tom and Casy go to Uncle John’s. Dust Bowl, the family has defaulted on their bank loans, and their farm has been repossessed. The Joads put everything they have into making the journey. Although leaving Oklahoma would violate his parole, Tom decides it is worth the risk, and invites Casy to join him and his family. Traveling west on Route 66, the Joad family find the road crowded with other migrants. In makeshift camps, they hear many stories from others, some returning from California, and the group worries about lessening prospects.
The big corporate farmers are in collusion and smaller farmers suffer from collapsing prices. How can you frighten a man whose hunger is not only in his own cramped stomach but in the wretched bellies of his children? In response to the exploitation, Casy becomes a labor organizer and tries to recruit for a labor union. The remaining Joads work as strikebreakers in a peach orchard, where Casy is involved in a strike that eventually turns violent. When Tom Joad witnesses Casy’s fatal beating, he kills the attacker and flees as a fugitive.
Tom bids his mother farewell and promises to work for the oppressed. Rose of Sharon’s baby is stillborn. Ma Joad remains steadfast and forces the family through the bereavement. With rain, the Joads‘ dwelling is flooded, and they move to higher ground. In the final chapter of the book, the family takes shelter from the flood in an old barn.
Inside they find a young boy and his father, who is dying of starvation. Joad family’s second son, named after his father. Later on, Tom takes leadership of the family even though he is young. Practical and warm-spirited, she tries to hold the family together. Pa Joad: Patriarch, also named Tom, age 50. Pa becomes a broken man upon losing his livelihood and means of supporting his family, forcing Ma to assume leadership. He felt guilty about the death of his young wife years before, and has been prone to binges involving alcohol and prostitutes, but is generous with his goods.
Jim Casy: A former preacher who lost his faith. He is a Christ-like figure and is based on Ed Ricketts. Tom, but begins to find his own way. Pregnant in the beginning of the novel, she delivers a stillborn baby, perhaps due to malnutrition. Connie Rivers: Rose of Sharon’s husband.
Noah Joad: The oldest son, he is the first to leave the family, planning to live off fishing on the Colorado River. Injured at birth and described as „strange“, he may have slight learning difficulties. Grampa Joad: Tom’s grandfather, who expresses his strong desire to stay in Oklahoma. His full name is given as William James Joad. Grampa is drugged by his family with „soothin‘ syrup“ to force him to leave, but he dies the first evening on the road.