Eduard Zeller PDF

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Eduard Zeller (1814?1908), einer der großen wirkungsmächtigen Gelehrten des 19. Jahrhunderts, hat seine Zeit als Theologe, Religions- und Kirchenhistoriker, Philosoph, Philosophie- und Kulturhistoriker der Antike ebenso wie als Wissenschaftspolitiker und Organisator großer Akademieprojekte geprägt. Die Beiträge in diesem Band zeigen die Bedeutung dieses Gelehrten, dessen Werk äußerst vielschichtig ist und dessen Wirkung sich in wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Diskursen bis ins 20. Jahrhundert nachzeichnen lässt.

Ebenfalls mit wenigen Ausnahmen handelt es sich in dieser Liste um Namen seit dem 18. Auf der Grundlage der von Walther Killy und Rudolf Vierhaus hrsg. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 18. September 2018 um 09:32 Uhr bearbeitet. Regelfall durch Anklicken dieser abgerufen werden.

Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Eclecticism is a conceptual approach that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories, styles, or ideas to gain complementary insights into a subject, or applies different theories in particular cases. However, this is often without conventions or rules dictating how or which theories were combined. It can sometimes seem inelegant or lacking in simplicity, and eclectics are sometimes criticized for lack of consistency in their thinking. It is, however, common in many fields of study.

For example, most psychologists accept certain aspects of behaviorism, but do not attempt to use the theory to explain all aspects of human behavior. Eclecticism in ethics, philosophy and religion is also known as syncretism. Eclecticism was first recorded to have been practiced by a group of ancient Greek and Roman philosophers who attached themselves to no real system, but selected from existing philosophical beliefs those doctrines that seemed most reasonable to them. The term eclecticism is used to describe the combination, in a single work, of elements from different historical styles, chiefly in architecture and, by implication, in the fine and decorative arts. 1970s, generally been referred to as aspects of historicism. Eclecticism plays an important role in critical discussions and evaluations but is somehow distant from the actual forms of the artifacts to which it is applied, and its meaning is thus rather indistinct.

The simplest definition of the term—that every work of art represents the combination of a variety of influences—is so basic as to be of little use. Some martial arts can be described as eclectic in the sense that they borrow techniques from a wide variety of other martial arts. In textual criticism, eclecticism is the practice of examining a wide number of text witnesses and selecting the variant that seems best. The result of the process is a text with readings drawn from many witnesses. In a purely eclectic approach, no single witness is theoretically favored.

Instead, the critic forms opinions about individual witnesses, relying on both external and internal evidence. In ancient philosophy, the Eclectics use elements from multiple philosophies, texts, life experiences and their own philosophical ideas. These ideas include life as connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philo of Larissa, and the teacher of Cicero. Through his influence, Platonism made the transition from New Academy skepticism to Eclecticism. Whereas Philo had still adhered to the doctrine that there is nothing absolutely certain, Antiochus returned to a pronounced dogmatism. Among his other objections to skepticism was the consideration that without firm convictions no rational content of life is possible.

He expounded the Academic, Peripatetic, and Stoic systems in such a way as to show that these three schools deviate from one another only in minor points. Antiochus himself was chiefly interested in ethics, in which he tried to find a middle way between Zeno, Aristotle, and Plato. For instance, he said that virtue suffices for happiness, but for the highest grade of happiness bodily and external goods are necessary as well. This eclectic tendency was favoured by the lack of dogmatic works by Plato. In modern philosophy, Victor Cousin was the founder of eclectic spiritualism.

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