It is not to be confused with Main Street Station. Central stations or central railway stations emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century as railway stations that had initially been built on the edge of city centres were enveloped central Station PDF urban expansion and became an integral part of the city centres themselves. Central stations emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century during what has been termed the „Railway Age“.
Författare: Lavie Tidhar.
Die Menschheit ist ins All aufgebrochen. Der Mars wurde besiedelt, der Asteroidengürtel wird ausgebeutet, und virtuelle Spielewelten haben sich zu Paralleluniversen entwickelt. Die Menschheit ist fortschrittlicher, schillernder und kaputter denn je. In dieser Zukunft kommt Boris Chong nach langjähriger Abwesenheit vom Mars zurück auf die Erde zur Central Station – um einen seit Generationen andauernden Familienfluch abzuwenden, um einer alten Liebe wiederzubegegnen, und um vielleicht sein Schicksal zu finden.
Initially railway stations were built on the edge of city centres but, subsequently, with urban expansion, they became an integral part of the city centres themselves. For example, the first centralized railway terminal in Germany was Hanover Hauptbahnhof, built in 1879. This set the precedent for other major German cities. Frankfurt followed in 1888 and Cologne in the 1890s. Classic German central railway station architecture „reached its zenith“ with the completion of Hamburg Hauptbahnhof in 1906 and Leipzig Hauptbahnhof in 1915.
In Europe, it was normal for the authorities to exercise greater control over railway development than in Britain and this meant that the central station was often the focal point of town planning. Indeed, in most large continental cities the station was deliberately fronted by a square to set it off. In time the urban expansion that put many of these stations at the heart of a city, also hemmed them in so that, although they became increasingly central to the town or city, they were further away from airports or, in some cases, other transport hubs such as bus stations leading to a lack of interoperability and interconnectivity between the different modes of transport. Today, central stations, particularly in Europe, act as termini for a multitude of rail services – suburban, regional, domestic and international – provided by national carriers or private companies, on conventional rail networks, underground railways and tram systems. These services are often divided between several levels. In many cases, central railway stations are collocated with bus stations as well as taxi services. Central railway stations are not just major transportation nodes but may also be „a specific section of the city with a concentration of infrastructure but also with a diversified collection of buildings and open spaces“ which makes them „one of the most complex social areas“ of the city.
The reinvigoration of central stations since the 1980s has been, in part, due to the rise of high speed rail services. But countries have taken different approaches. France gave greater weight to ‚peripheral stations‘, stations external to cities and new high speed lines. Germany and Italy went for the modification of existing lines and central stations. When translating foreign station names, „Central Station“ is commonly used where the literal meaning of the station’s name is ‚central station‘, ‚principal station‘ or ‚main station‘. An example of the latter is the Danish word hovedbanegård. The following are examples of stations from around the world where „Central Station“ is part of their name in English or can be translated as such from their native language.
In addition to the above, Praha Masarykovo nádraží was named „Praha střed“ from 1953 until 1990. A Deutsche Bahn sign giving directions in three languages to Koblenz Hauptbahnhof. The German words for „central station“ are Centralbahnhof and Zentralbahnhof. While using Hauptbahnhof in its journey planner and passenger information, in English-language publications Deutsche Bahn uses variously Hauptbahnhof, Main and Central. In Germany, Hauptbahnhof is abbreviated to Hbf. Hamburg Dammtor station: documents from around the time of the opening of the station refer to Centralbahnhof.
München Hauptbahnhof until 1 May 1904. Since the various private railways were merged in the early 20th century into a national railway, the term came to mean, in everyday language, the main railway station of a city. Non-railway signage, such as on buses or roads, sometimes indicates Centraal or CS even when a city’s main railway station is not actually so named. Polish cities to indicate the most important passenger or goods station, for instance Szczecin Główny. Warszawa Centralna railway station is the principal station in the capital Warsaw, the Warszawa Główna railway stations having closed.
Many are termini for one or more lines. However, the term can also occur in a broader sense, even being used for the only railway station in a town. In Switzerland, Hauptbahnhof is abbreviated to HB. Many railway stations in Britain that use ‚Central‘ are not principal stations, and are called Central to distinguish them from other stations with different names, or for prestige. In some cases, a station originally owned by the Great Central Railway in locations served by more than one station was called Central.
One of the few principal stations in Britain that is called ‚Central‘ and truly is in the centre of the city it serves is Glasgow Central station. Though Glasgow was once served by four principal terminus stations, all within the city centre, only one was called ‚Central‘. In the United States, several „Central“ stations were built by railways called „Central“, the best known example being Grand Central Station in New York City, is so named because it was built by the New York Central Railroad. Estação Central do Brasil, in the downtown Rio de Janeiro. In Brazil, „Central Station“ is called as „Estação Central“ and can be a place that integrates bus or train. Sentral is the Malay spelling for the English word central. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Central railway stations“ in Daily Spatial Mobilities: Physical and Virtual, Oxford: Routledge, 2012. The railway station in the social science. The Journal of Transport History, 28, 289-93, 2007. Railway Depots, Stations and Terminals, Minneapolis: Voyageur, 2015. Railways, Urban Development and Town Planning in Britain: 1948-2008, 2009. Jenkins, Simon, Britain’s 100 Best Railway Stations, 2017.