Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich of Russia. She bonstettiana PDF the third daughter of Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Countess Augusta Caroline Reuss of Ebersdorf. In 1795, General Andrei Budberg was sent in a secret mission to the ruling European courts, to find a bride for Konstantin. He had a huge list of candidates, but during his trip became ill and was forced to stay in Coburg.
Författare: Karl Viktor Bonstetten.
Mit Bonstettens über dreijährigem Aufenthalt in Dänemark, seiner Aufnahme ins dänische Bürgerrecht und in die Königlich Dänische Akademie der Wissenschaften beginnt der Überstieg in einen neuen Lebensabschnitt und in ein neues Zeitalter. Die Wirren der Helvetischen Republik erscheinen reflektiert im intensiven Briefwechsel mit Johannes von Müller in Wien. Bonstetten erforscht die skandinavische Welt durch Reisen sowie durch das Studium und die Übersetzung altnordischer Sagas, entdeckt sprachliche, ethnische und kulturelle Verwandtschaften mit dem südalemannisch-schweizerischen Raum und wird dadurch zu einem Pionier der modernen Vergleichenden Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaften. Seinen Neuen Schriften aus den Exiljahren wird 1804 sein Voyage sur la scène des six derniers livres de l’Énéide folgen, Bonstettens archäologische Sichtung des Neuen Troja. Der Gang nach Norden gilt der Vergewisserung des Woher, der Gang nach Süden der Erkundung des Wohin. Germania und Romania, L’homme du Midi et l’homme du Nord schliessen sich in diesem ‚esprit cosmopolite, européen‘ zu einer Völkergemeinschaft zusammen, welcher er mit seinem noch in Dänemark entstandenen grossen Essay Über Nationalbildung, der letzten und bedeutendsten seiner deutschsprachigen Schriften, einen Weg zu einer freiheitlichen Sozialpartnerschaft des Wissens und Könnens weist. – Einen Höhepunkt der Epistolarik bildet der psychologisch und zeitgeschichtlich aufschlussreiche ‘Dialogue à trois voix’ zwischen Bonstetten, der deutsch-dänischen Schriftstellerin und Dichterin Friederike Brun und dem Historiker und Diplomaten Johannes von Müller. In die Zeit dieser ‘Nordischen Freundschaftskonjunktion’ fällt Friederike Bruns Herausgabe der «Briefe eines jungen Gelehrten [Müllers] an seinen Freund [Bonstetten]». Laut Adam Müller haben diese Briefe «allein so viel Herzen für Wissenschaft und Alterthum entzündet als die meisten Lehrstühle der Historie in Deutschland zusammen genommen».
After a little consideration, Empress Catherine II consented. Duchess Augusta, once she knew that one of her daughters would be a Grand Duchess of Russia, was delighted with the idea: a marriage with the Imperial Russian dynasty could bring huge benefits for the relatively small German Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. He was given an order by the Empress to marry one of the princesses, and he was given a choice of his future wife. After three weeks, the Grand Duke Konstantin was forced to make a choice. I think that he did not want to marry. After the young Grand Duke chose Juliane, she began her training as a consort.
This union, in connection with the wedding of her brother Leopold with Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales, made the little Duchy of Saxe-Coburg the dynastic heart of Europe. In addition, thanks to relations with the Russian Empire, Saxe-Coburg was relatively safe during the Napoleonic Wars. In the meanwhile, the young grand duchess began to grow up and became more and more attractive to the Russian court, who nicknamed her the „Rising Star“. This made Konstantin extremely jealous, even of his own brother Alexander. He forbade Anna to leave her room, and when she had the opportunity to come out, Konstantin took her away. In 1799 Anna left Russia for medical treatment and didn’t want to return. St Petersburg’s court made their own plans.
Under the pressure of the Imperial family and her own relatives, the Grand Duchess was forced to return to Russia. The assassination of Emperor Paul I on 23 March 1801 gave Anna an opportunity to carry out her plan to escape. By August of that year, her mother was informed that the grand duchess was seriously ill. Once informed about her daughter’s health, Duchess Augusta came to visit her. In order to have a better treatment she took Anna to Coburg, with the consent of both the new Emperor Alexander I and Grand Duke Konstantin.
Once she arrived to her homeland, Anna refused to come back. Almost immediately after her return to Coburg, Anna began negotiations for a divorce from her husband. You write to me that I allowed you to go into foreign lands because we are incompatible and because I can’t give you the love who you need. But humbly I ask you to calm yourself in consideration to our lives together, besides all these facts confirm in writing, and that in addition to this other reason you don’t have. Still legally married, Anna, eager to have a family, found solace in clandestine affairs. Portrait by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1848.
On 28 October 1808, Anna gave birth to an illegitimate son, named Eduard Edgar Schmidt-Löwe. The father of this child may have been Jules Gabriel Émile de Seigneux, a minor French nobleman and officer in the Prussian army. Later, Anna moved to Bern, Switzerland, and gave birth to a second illegitimate child in 1812, a daughter, named Louise Hilda Agnes d’Aubert. The father was Rodolphe Abraham de Schiferli, a Swiss surgeon, professor and chamberlain of Anna’s household from 1812 to 1837. Two years later, in 1814, during the invasion of France by Russian troops, Emperor Alexander I expressed his desire of a reconciliation between his brother and Anna. Grand Duke Konstantin, accompanied by Anna’s brother Leopold, tried to convince her to return with him, but the grand duchess categorically refused. Finally, on 20 March 1820, after 19 years of separation, her marriage was officially annulled by a manifesto of Emperor Alexander I of Russia.
Grand Duke Konstantin remarried two months later morganatically with his mistress Joanna Grudzińska and died on 27 June 1831. Anna survived her former husband by 29 years. Anna Fyodorovna died in her Elfenau estate in 1860, aged 79. Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Grand Duchess of Russia. Through the five children of her son Eduard she has many descendants.