Burckhardt on the eighth series of the Swiss banknotes. Swiss historian of art and culture and an basel in der Zeit Jacob Burckhardts PDF figure in the historiography of both fields.
Författare: Lionel Gossman.
Der renommierte Ideenhistoriker Lionel Gossman schreibt die Stadtgeschichte Basel im 19. Jahrhundert als intellectual history ihrer vier «unzeitgemässen» Meisterdenker Bachofen, Burckhardt, Nietzsche und Overbeck. Der erste Teil des Buches widmet sich der städtischen Entwicklung. Daran anknüpfend, zeigt Gossman in ausführlichen biographisch-werkgeschichtlichen Kapiteln, wie die intellektuellen Haltungen seiner Protagonisten auf die historische Situation vor Ort zu beziehen sind und wie sie im europäischen Kontext situiert sind.
He finished his degree in 1839 and went to the University of Berlin to study history, especially art history, then a new field. He taught at the University of Basel from 1843 to 1855, then at the Federal Polytechnic School. In 1858, he returned to Basel to assume the professorship he held until his retirement in 1893. He started to teach only art history in 1886. See Life by Hans Trog in the Basler Jahrbuch for 1898, pp.
Burckhardt is currently featured on the Swiss thousand franc banknote. According to John Lukacs, he was the first master of cultural history, which seeks to describe the spirit and the forms of expression of a particular age, a particular people, or a particular place. Burckhardt delivered a series of lectures at the University of Basel, which were published in 1943 by Pantheon Books Inc. Force and Freedom: An Interpretation of History by Jacob Burckhardt. About half of the original edition was devoted to the art of the Renaissance. Burckhardt considered the study of ancient history an intellectual necessity and was a highly respected scholar of Greek civilization. The Greeks and Greek Civilization“ sums up the relevant lectures, „Griechische Kulturgeschichte“, which Burckhardt first gave in 1872 and which he repeated until 1885.
At his death, he was working on a four-volume survey of Greek civilization. Judgments on History and Historians“ is based on Burckhardt’s lectures on history at the University of Basel between 1865 and 1885. It provides his insights and interpretation of the events of the entire sweep of Western Civilization from Antiquity to the Age of Revolution, including the Middle Ages, History from 1450 to 1598, the History of the Seventeenth and the Eighteenth Centuries. Friedrich Nietzsche, appointed professor of classical philology at Basel in 1869 at the age of 24, admired Burckhardt and attended some of his lectures.
Both men were admirers of the late Arthur Schopenhauer. There is a tension in Burckhardt’s persona between the wise and worldly student of the Italian Renaissance and the cautious product of Swiss Calvinism, which he had studied extensively for the ministry. The Swiss polity in which he spent nearly all of his life was a good deal more democratic and stable than was the norm in 19th-century Europe. He also observed over a century ago that „the state incurs debts for politics, war, and other higher causes and ‚progress‘.