For whistleblower protection in the United States, see Whistleblower protection in A Study of Business Ethical Practices in Australian Organisations PDF United States. Because of this, a number of laws exist to protect whistleblowers. Some third party groups even offer protection to whistleblowers, but that protection can only go so far.
Författare: Peter Wong.
In view of the latest corporate collapses globally
and the current financial crises, the purpose of
this thesis is an attempt to investigate and to
theorise how managers make decisions when faced with
an ethical dilemma.
Philosophers over the years have proposed different
moral theories without success.
Based on the literature review, research questions
were developed. The research methodology is
qualitative, based on the realism paradigm using a
case research design (Yin 1994). Face to face
interviews were conducted using critical incidents
and the findings were triangulated using a semi-
structured focus group.
The findings indicate that a person s ethical
behaviour changes when his/her self-interest is
affected. Whilst participants believed that business
and ethics can be reconciled, most agreed that they
can only be reconciled if the individual s interest
or business profit is not affected.
Based on the findings, a new model is proposed in an
attempt to theorise an individual s business ethical
behaviour and his/her ethical decision making
Whistleblowers face legal action, criminal charges, social stigma, and termination from any position, office, or job. Two other classifications of whistleblowing are private and public. Deeper questions and theories of whistleblowing and why people choose to do so can be studied through an ethical approach. Whistleblowing is a topic of ongoing ethical debate.
Leading arguments in the ideological camp that whistleblowing is ethical maintain that whistleblowing is a form of civil disobedience, and aims to protect the public from government wrongdoing. Ralph Nader is said to have coined the phrase, but he in fact put a positive spin on the term in the early 1970s to avoid the negative connotations found in other words such as „informer“ and „snitch“. The word is linked to the use of a whistle to alert the public or a crowd about a bad situation, such as the commission of a crime or the breaking of rules during a game. The phrase whistle blower attached itself to law enforcement officials in the 19th century because they used a whistle to alert the public or fellow police.
An 1883 story in the Janesville Gazette called a policeman who used his whistle to alert citizens about a riot a whistle blower, without the hyphen. By the year 1963, the phrase had become a hyphenated word, whistle-blower. The word began to be used by journalists in the 1960s for people who revealed wrongdoing, such as Nader. It eventually evolved into the compound word whistleblower. Most whistleblowers are internal whistleblowers, who report misconduct on a fellow employee or superior within their company through anonymous reporting mechanisms often called hotlines.